Genetic diversity and structure of Iberian Peninsula cowpeas compared to world- wide cowpea accessions using high density SNP markers
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AuthorCarvalho, Marcia; Muñoz Amatriaín, María; Castro, Isaura; Lino Neto, Teresa; Matos, Manuela; [et al.]
SponsorsThis study was supported by EUROLEGUME project. This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 613781. European Investment Funds by FEDER/COMPETE/POCI - Operational Competitiveness and Internationalization Programme, under Project POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006958 and National Funds by FCT Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, under the project UID/AGR/04033/2013. MMA was partially supported by the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Climate Resilient Cowpea (USAID Cooperative Agreement AID-OAA-A-13-00070), which is directed by TJC. The funding entities had no role in the design of the study, collection, analysis and interpretation of data, or in writing the manuscript.
Bibliographic CitationCARVALHO, Marcia et al. Genetic diversity and structure of Iberian Peninsula cowpeas compared to world- wide cowpea accessions using high density SNP markers. En: BMC Genomics, 2017 Nov 21;vol. 18, n. 1, pp. 891
Single nucleotide polymorphism
Genetic diversity and variation
Background: Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) is an important legume crop due to its high protein content, adaptation to heat and drought and capacity to fix nitrogen. Europe has a deficit of cowpea production. Knowledge of genetic diversity among cowpea landraces is important for the preservation of local varieties and is the basis to obtain improved varieties. The aims of this study were to explore diversity and the genetic structure of a set of Iberian Peninsula cowpea accessions in comparison to a worldwide collection and to infer possible dispersion routes of cultivated cowpea. Results: The Illumina Cowpea iSelect Consortium Array containing 51,128 SNPs was used to genotype 96 cowpea accessions including 43 landraces and cultivars from the Iberian Peninsula, and 53 landraces collected worldwide. Four subpopulations were identified. Most Iberian Peninsula accessions clustered together with those from other southern European and northern African countries. Only one accession belonged ...
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