A low-mass triple system with a wide L/T transition brown dwarf component: NLTT 51469AB/SDSS 2131-0119
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AuthorGauza, Bartosz; Bejar, Victor; Pérez Garrido, Antonio; Lodieu, Nicolas; Rebolo López, Rafael; [et al.]
SponsorsBG acknowledges support from the CONICYT through FONDECYT Postdoctoral Fellowship grant no. 3170513. This work is partly financed by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through the project AYA2016-79425-C3-2-P. NL and VJSB acknowledge support from the SpanishMinistry of Economy and Competitivity through the project AYA2015-69350-C3-2-P. AP acknowledges support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitivity through the project AYA2015-69350-C3-3-P. Based on observations obtained as part of the VHS, ESO programme, 179.A-2010 (PI: McMahon). Based on observations collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern hemisphere under ESO programme 092.C-0874(B). Based on observations made with the NOT, operated by the Nordic Optical Telescope Scientific Association at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma, Spain, of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias. This paper includes data obtained using the 6.5 m Magellan Clay Telescope at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile. This publication makes use of data products from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/gaia), processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/gaia/dpac/consortium).Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. This research has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System. We have made use of the ROSAT Data Archive of the Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik (MPE) at Garching, Germany. This research has made use of theWashington Double Star Catalog maintained at the U.S. Naval Observatory.
Realizado en/conUniversidad Politécnica de Cartagena; Universidad de Chile; Universidad de la Laguna; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
PublisherOXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
Stars: individual: NLTT 51469
We demonstrate that the previously identified L/T transition brown dwarf SDSS J213154.43-011939.3 (SDSS 2131-0119) is a widely separated (82 ''.3, similar to 3830 au) common proper motion companion to the low-mass star NLTT 51469, which we reveal to be a close binary itself, separated by 0 ''.64 +/- 0 ''.01 (similar to 30 au). We find the proper motion of SDSS 2131-0119 of mu(alpha) cos delta = -100 +/- 20 mas yr(-1) and mu(delta) = -230 +/- 20 mas yr(-1) consistent with the proper motion of the primary provided by Gaia DR2: mu(alpha) cos delta = -95.49 +/- 0.96 mas yr(-1) and mu(delta) = -239.38 +/- 0.96 mas yr(-1). Based on optical and near-infrared spectroscopy, we classify the primary NLTT 51469A as an M3 +/- 1 dwarf, estimate photometrically the spectral type of its close companion NLTT 51469B at similar to M6, and confirm the spectral type of the brown dwarf to be L9 +/- 1. Using radial velocity, proper motion, and parallax, we derived the UVW Galactic space velocities of NLTT ...
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