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dc.contributor.authorRamos Escudero, Adela 
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Cascales, María Socorro 
dc.contributor.authorCuevas Castell, José Manuel 
dc.contributor.authorSanner, Burkhard 
dc.contributor.authorUrchueguía Schölzel, Javier Fermín
dc.identifier.citationRamos-Escudero, Adela & García-Cascales, M. Socorro & Cuevas, Jose M. & Sanner, Burkhard & Urchueguía, Javier F., 2021. "Spatial analysis of indicators affecting the exploitation of shallow geothermal energy at European scale," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 266-281.es_ES
dc.description.abstractShallow Geothermal Energy (SGE) exploited by vertical close loop Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP) is a proven, reliable, and widespread renewable heating and cooling technology. However, in many regions there is still a lack of awareness among policy makers and end users, constituting a major constraint to wider deployment of SGE. In order to contribute to its market consolidation, this work focuses on bringing to light relevant spatial information affecting the suitability of SGE exploitation. This information is the result of the systematization of geological, climatic, and environmental open and available data translated into performance indicators. A set of thematic maps was created using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) comprising the European Member States and other European countries. The relative area and the amount of population affected per indicator was spatially analyzed to determine the most common values found and the affected population. The relationship between area percentage and population affected percentage per indicator was also analyzed and allowed to identify the most common indicators values in areas where high energy demands are expected. Additionally, an example of how this data can be used into a Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) framework is shown.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis article is part of a project that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 727583 (GEOCOND). This work was partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO), reference TIN2017e86647eP. The authors also acknowledge the support of the Fundación Séeneca (Region of Murcia, Spain) through the Grant 19882eGERMe15.es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 Elsevieres_ES
dc.titleSpatial analysis of indicators affecting the exploitation of shallow geothermal energy at European scalees_ES
dc.subject.otherProyectos de Ingenieríaes_ES
dc.subjectRenewable heating and coolinges_ES
dc.subjectMulti-criteria decision-makinges_ES
dc.subjectContinental scalees_ES
dc.subject.unesco2506.08 Energía y Procesos Geotérmicoses_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Economía y Competitividades_ES
dc.contributor.funderFundación Sénecaes_ES

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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España