Plasticity in leader–follower roles in human teams
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Knowledge AreaMétodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Bibliographic CitationNAKAYAMA, Shinnosuke et al. Plasticity in leader–follower roles in human teams. En: Scientific Reports, 2017, vol. 7, núm. (1). doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-14851-6
In humans, emergence of leaders and followers is key to group performance, but little is known about the whys and hows of leadership. A particularly elusive question entails behavioral plasticity in leadership across social contexts. Addressing this question requires to eliminate social feedback between focal individuals and their partners in experiments that could illuminate the spontaneous emergence of social roles. We investigated plasticity in leader-follower roles in cooperation, where members choose the task toward a shared goal, and coordination, where members adjust their actions in real time based on social responsiveness. Through a computer-programmed virtual partner, we demonstrate adaptive plasticity in leader-follower roles. Humans increased their followership to cooperate when the partner led more in the choice of the task, whereas they showed only weak leadership when the partner followed more. We leveraged the information-theoretic notion of transfer entropy to quantify ...
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