Using deep learning for defect classification on a small weld X-ray image dataset
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AuthorAjmi, Chiraz; Zapata Pérez, Juan Francisco; Martínez Álvarez, José Javier; Doménech Asensi, Ginés; Ruiz Merino, Ramón Jesús
Research GroupDesarrollo de sistemas y circuitos electrónicos y microelectrónicos
Knowledge AreaIngeniería Telemática
SponsorsThe authors wants to acknowledge the work of the rest of the participants in this project, namely: J.A. López-Alcantud, P. Rubio-Ibañez, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, J.A. Díaz-Madrid, Centro Universitario de la Defensa - UPCT and T.J. Kazmierski, University of Southampton. This work has been partially funded by Spanish government through project numbered RTI2018-097088-B-C33 (MINECO/FEDER,UE).
Realizado en/conUniversity of Tunis
Bibliographic CitationAjmi, C., Zapata, J., Martínez-Álvarez, J.J. et al. Using Deep Learning for Defect Classification on a Small Weld X-ray Image Dataset. J Nondestruct Eval 39, 68 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10921-020-00719-9
KeywordsIndustrial X-ray Images
This document provides a comparative evaluation of the performance of a deep learning network for different combinations of parameters and hyper-parameters. Although there are numerous studies that report on performance in deep learning networks for ordinary data sets, their performance on small data sets is much less evaluated. The objective of this work is to demonstrate that such a challenging small data set, such as a welding X-ray image data set, can be trained and evaluated obtaining high precision and that it is possible thanks to data augmentation. In fact, this article shows that data augmentation, also a typical technique in any learning process on a large data set, plus that two image channels, such as channels B (blue) and G (green), both are replaced by the Canny edge map and a binary image provided by an adaptive Gaussian threshold, respectively, gives to the network a 3% increase in accuracy, approximately. In summary, the objective of this work is to present the methodology ...
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