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dc.contributor.authorOchoa Rego, Jesús 
dc.contributor.authorSanyé Mengual, Esther es_ES
dc.contributor.authorSpecht, Kathrin 
dc.contributor.authorFernández Hernández, Juan Antonio 
dc.contributor.authorBañón Arias, Sebastián del Pilar 
dc.contributor.authorOrsini, Francesco 
dc.contributor.authorMagrefi, Francesca 
dc.contributor.authorBazzocchi, Giovanni 
dc.contributor.authorHalder, Severin 
dc.contributor.authorMartens, Doerte 
dc.contributor.authorKappel, Noemi 
dc.contributor.authorGianquinto, Giorgio
dc.identifier.citationOchoa J, Sanyé-Mengual E, Specht K, Fernández JA, Bañón S, Orsini F, Magrefi F, Bazzocchi G, Halder S, Martens D, Kappel N, Gianquinto G. Sustainable Community Gardens Require Social Engagement and Training: A Users’ Needs Analysis in Europe. Sustainability. 2019; 11(14):3978.
dc.description.abstractUrban gardens are spreading in many cities across Europe, with community gardening being a fundamental form of urban agriculture. While the literature reveals the essential role that community gardens can play in terms of learning and education, no studies have investigated the training needs for participants in community gardens to ensure their successful development. The goal of this article is to evaluate the training requirements of urban community gardens to ensure their successful implementation and their contribution to sustainability in European cities. Two questionnaires of users' needs analysis were designed and implemented in Berlin, Bologna, Budapest, and Cartagena. The results unveiled the need to re-enforce the training in the formation and community building phases of community gardens towards ensuring the creation of an engaged gardening community to maintain activity, particularly for top-down activities (e.g., research-related gardens). Users claimed their need for being trained on crop management skills (e.g., maintenance, bed preparation, organic practices) and on communication skills to further disseminate their activity, thereby increasing the potential for citizen engagement. Such requirements could be overcome with the creation of urban gardens networks, where experiences and knowledge are shared among practitioners. Policy recommendations are provided based on the outputs of this study.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the European Union's Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP), sub-programme Grundtvig for adults learning: 526476-LLP-1-2012-1-IT-GRUNDTVIGGM, 2012-2014. This research has received funding from the European Union’s Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP), sub-programme Grundtvig for adults learning: 526476-LLP-1-2012-1-IT-GRUNDTVIGGM, 2012–2014.es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.titleSustainable community gardens require social engagement and training: A users' needs analysis in Europees_ES
dc.subject.otherTecnologías del Medio Ambientees_ES
dc.subjectUrban agriculturees_ES
dc.subjectCommunity gardeninges_ES
dc.subjectCommunity buildinges_ES
dc.subjectUrban planninges_ES
dc.subjectLifelong learninges_ES
dc.subject.unesco3308 Ingeniería y Tecnología del Medio Ambientees_ES
dc.subject.unesco2417.13 Ecología Vegetales_ES
dc.contributor.convenianteUniversidad Politécnica de Cartagenaes_ES
dc.contributor.convenianteUniversidad Humboldt de Berlínes_ES
dc.contributor.convenianteUniversidad de Boloniaes_ES
dc.contributor.convenianteUniversidad de Ciencias Aplicadas de Eberswaldees_ES

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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España