The Snapdragon LATE ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL Plays A Dual Role in Activating Floral Growth and Scent Emission
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AuthorTerry López, Marta Isabel; Pérez Sanz, Fernando; Navarro Lorente, Pedro Javier; Weiss, Julia; Egea Gutiérrez-Cortines, Marcos
SponsorsThis research was funded by Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades MICINN grants BFU-2017-88300-C2-1-R (JW and MEC) and BFU-2017-88300-C2-2-R (PJN).
Bibliographic CitationTerry MI, Pérez-Sanz F, Navarro PJ, Weiss J, Egea-Cortines M. The Snapdragon LATE ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL Plays A Dual Role in Activating Floral Growth and Scent Emission. Cells. 2019; 8(8):920. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8080920
Volatile organic compounds
The plant circadian clock controls a large number of internal processes, including growth and metabolism. Scent emission displays a circadian pattern in many species such as the snapdragon. Here we show that knocking down LATE ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL in Antirrhinum majus affects growth and scent emission. In order to gain an understanding of the growth kinetics, we took a phenomic approach using in-house artificial vision systems, obtaining time-lapse videos. Wild type flowers showed a higher growth speed than knockdown plants. The maximal growth rate was decreased by 22% in plants with lower LHY expression. Floral volatiles were differentially affected as RNAi plants showed advanced emission of compounds synthesized from cinnamic acid and delayed emission of metabolites of benzoic acid. The monoterpenes myrcene and ocimene were delayed, whereas the sesquiterpene farnesene was advanced. Overall, transgenic lines showed an altered volatile emission pattern and displayed a modified scent ...
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