Changes in bacterial and fungal soil communities in long-term organic cropping systems
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AuthorCuartero Moñino, Jessica; Özbolat, Onurcan; Sánchez Navarro, Virgina; Egea Gutiérrez-Cortines, Marcos; Zornoza Belmonte, Raúl; [et al.]
SponsorsRaúl Zornoza acknowledges the financial support received from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities through the “Ramón y Cajal” Program (RYC-2015-18758). We would like to thank Ansley Evans for providing English corrections.
Bibliographic CitationCuartero, J.; Özbolat, O.; Sánchez-Navarro, V.; Egea-Cortines, M.; Zornoza, R.; Canfora, L.; Orrù, L.; Pascual, J.A.; Vivo, J.-M.; Ros, M. Changes in Bacterial and Fungal Soil Communities in Long-Term Organic Cropping Systems. Agriculture 2021, 11, 445. https://doi.org/10.3390/ agriculture11050445
Microbial community structure
Long-term organic farming aims to reduce synthetic fertilizer and pesticide use in order to sustainably produce and improve soil quality. To do this, there is a need for more information about the soil microbial community, which plays a key role in a sustainable agriculture. In this paper, we assessed the long-term effects of two organic and one conventional cropping systems on the soil microbial community structure using high-throughput sequencing analysis, as well as the link between these communities and the changes in the soil properties and crop yield. The results showed that the crop yield was similar among the three cropping systems. The microbial community changed according to cropping system. Organic cultivation with manure compost and compost tea (Org_C) showed a change in the bacterial community associated with an improved soil carbon and nutrient content. A linear discriminant analysis effect size showed different bacteria and fungi as key microorganisms for each of the three ...
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