Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorChacón Bulnes, José Manuel 
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-12T08:29:45Z
dc.date.available2015-05-12T08:29:45Z
dc.date.issued2011-11
dc.description.abstract[SPA] En esta tesis se abordan las circunstancias que rodearon la construcción de un edificio del siglo XVIII: el Cuartel de Presidiarios y Esclavos de Cartagena. Su arquitectura y su historia, hasta ahora prácticamente desconocidas, hacen de esta pieza construida junto al mar, un sugerente objeto para la investigación. Son muchos los trabajos realizados sobre la arquitectura militar del s. XVIII, sin embargo en este estudio, se abre una nueva vía a la investigación al completar el conocimiento adquirido en libros y documentos consultados, con el conocimiento adquirido en la propia obra de rehabilitación del edificio, aprovechando la circunstancia de que el autor de la intervención arquitectónica es el propio doctorando. De esta forma han sido muchas las claves desveladas, no solo de su historia, sino también de su arquitectura. Se ha tratado de mantener una línea de investigación objetiva y rigurosa y ha sido numerosa la información incluida en la tesis, que ha permitido tomar o variar decisiones durante la ejecución de la obra. Desde este punto de vista, el trabajo paralelo de documentación ha constituido una útil herramienta para el arquitecto enfrentado a una obra repleta de incógnitas. Si era importante la aproximación técnica al edificio para tratar de desvelar determinadas claves, como la pérdida en el tiempo de más del 60% de sus bóvedas originales, descubrí que la investigación sobre la vida de las personas que habitaron entre aquellos gruesos muros, arrojaban valiosos testimonios, a veces en primera persona, útiles para desvelar muchos otros aspectos de su arquitectura a través de la descripción de los espacios que habitaron. El edificio es el protagonista de la primera parte de la tesis. Se inicia el estudio con la propia historia de la construcción del Cuartel de Presidiarios y Esclavos desde el acontecimiento histórico que originó su razón de ser, la elaboración posterior del proyecto a cargo de un ingeniero militar, las bases sobre las que pudo inspirarse, los materiales y métodos constructivos determinados por el ingeniero, la contratación, el inicio y transcurso de las obras, hasta su terminación. La segunda parte de la tesis la llenará la vida de todos aquellos hombres que habitaron entre sus muros y bajo sus ennegrecidos techos: sus vivencias, sus tragedias, enfermedades, fugas, reyertas, motines, poniendo constantemente en evidencia, la frágil estructura de un sistema penitenciario incapaz de instalar las bases sólidas de una arquitectura, que permitiera mejorar la calidad de vida de aquellos desgraciados. Creemos que toda intervención en edificios con carácter patrimonial debería ir precedida por un profundo trabajo de investigación. Esto es precisamente lo que trata de ser la tesis sobre el Cuartel de Presidiarios y Esclavos de Cartagena. [ENG] This dissertation analyzes with the construction process of a 18th-century building: the Barracks for Prisoners and Slaves in Cartagena. Its architecture and history, almost completely neglected by researchers up to this moment, make this building placed by the sea a compelling subject for research. A fair number of studies about other military buildings in Cartagena have been published. However, the position of architect responsible for the refurbishment of the structure in order to house a School of Management and a Naval Museum, has allowed the author to carry on an innovative research methodology. Along with such written sources as books and archival documents, the dissertation leverages detailed knowledge of the building obtained by direct inspection during the renovation process, which has furnished valuable information about its history and its architecture. Such approach, based on objective and rigorous research, has led to much information included in the dissertation that, at the same time, has been used as an input in many decisions taken or modified in the building site. In this way, archival documentation has yielded a valuable tool for an architect dealing with a complex construction process. Thus, the first goal of the thesis has been to prepare a practical study carried on with objectivity, which has led to a deep knowledge of the real history of the construction of the building and his inhabitants. A technical approach to the building has allowed to clarify many important issues concerning this structure, such as the loss of more than 60% of the original vaults. However, documentary research about life in the barracks, used later on as a civilian prison, has provided valuable information, casting light over some aspects of its architecture, through the description of the building by prisoners and jail reformers. The first part of the dissertation is centred on the physical building. The study opens with the construction of the Barracks for Prisoners and Slaves starting with the historical events that led to its construction, the project prepared by a military engineer, the treatises and personal contacts that could influence him, the materials and constructive methods used by the engineer, the contract, the beginning, development and end of the construction process. The second part of the dissertation deals with the lives of the men that dwelled under its roofs and its blackened walls: their tragedies, illnesses, escapes, fights, mutinies, showing in every moment the weaknesses of a penitentiary system that was unable to improve the lives of this miserable people. In our opinion, any renovation work in architectural heritage should be preceded by a deep research work. This is precisely what the present dissertation about the Barracks for Prisoners and Slaves in Cartagena is about.es_ES
dc.description.abstract[ENG] This dissertation analyzes with the construction process of a 18th-century building: the Barracks for Prisoners and Slaves in Cartagena. Its architecture and history, almost completely neglected by researchers up to this moment, make this building placed by the sea a compelling subject for research. A fair number of studies about other military buildings in Cartagena have been published. However, the position of architect responsible for the refurbishment of the structure in order to house a School of Management and a Naval Museum, has allowed the author to carry on an innovative research methodology. Along with such written sources as books and archival documents, the dissertation leverages detailed knowledge of the building obtained by direct inspection during the renovation process, which has furnished valuable information about its history and its architecture. Such approach, based on objective and rigorous research, has led to much information included in the dissertation that, at the same time, has been used as an input in many decisions taken or modified in the building site. In this way, archival documentation has yielded a valuable tool for an architect dealing with a complex construction process. Thus, the first goal of the thesis has been to prepare a practical study carried on with objectivity, which has led to a deep knowledge of the real history of the construction of the building and his inhabitants. A technical approach to the building has allowed to clarify many important issues concerning this structure, such as the loss of more than 60% of the original vaults. However, documentary research about life in the barracks, used later on as a civilian prison, has provided valuable information, casting light over some aspects of its architecture, through the description of the building by prisoners and jail reformers. The first part of the dissertation is centred on the physical building. The study opens with the construction of the Barracks for Prisoners and Slaves starting with the historical events that led to its construction, the project prepared by a military engineer, the treatises and personal contacts that could influence him, the materials and constructive methods used by the engineer, the contract, the beginning, development and end of the construction process. The second part of the dissertation deals with the lives of the men that dwelled under its roofs and its blackened walls: their tragedies, illnesses, escapes, fights, mutinies, showing in every moment the weaknesses of a penitentiary system that was unable to improve the lives of this miserable people. In our opinion, any renovation work in architectural heritage should be preceded by a deep research work. This is precisely what the present dissertation about the Barracks for Prisoners and Slaves in Cartagena is about.es_ES
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_ES
dc.language.isospaes_ES
dc.publisherJosé Manuel Chacón Bulneses_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/*
dc.titleEl cuartel de presidiarios y esclavos de Cartagenaes_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesises_ES
dc.subject.otherExpresión gráfica arquiectónicaes_ES
dc.contributor.advisorCalvo López, José 
dc.contributor.advisorHernández Albaladejo, Elías 
dc.date.submitted2012-04-26
dc.subjectCuartel de Presidiarios y Esclavos de Cartagena.es_ES
dc.subjectAntiguo Cuartel de Instrucción de Marinería (CIM)es_ES
dc.subjectArquitectura militares_ES
dc.subjectRehabilitaciónes_ES
dc.subjectCartagenaes_ES
dc.subjectPrisiónes_ES
dc.subjectUniversidad Politécnica de Cartagenaes_ES
dc.subjectBarracks for Prisoners and Slaves in Cartagenaes_ES
dc.subjectPenitentiary systemes_ES
dc.subjectArchitectural heritagees_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10317/4618
dc.contributor.departmentArquitectura y Tecnología de la Edificaciónes_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.31428/10317/4618
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses
dc.description.universityUniversidad Politécnica de Cartagenaes_ES


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España