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dc.contributor.authorLucas Miralles, Manuel 
dc.contributor.authorRuiz Ramírez, Javier 
dc.contributor.authorMartínez Beltrán, Pedro Juan 
dc.contributor.authorSánchez Kaiser, Antonio 
dc.contributor.authorViedma Robles, Antonio 
dc.contributor.authorZamora Parra, Blas
dc.identifier.citationApplied Thermal Engineering, Volume 50, Issue 1, 10 January 2013, Pages 282-292.es_ES
dc.description.abstractCooling towers are evaporative heat transfer devices in which atmospheric air cools warm water, with direct contact between the water and the air by evaporating part of the water. The principle of operation of cooling towers requires spraying or distributing water over a heat transfer surface (packing) across or through which a stream of air is passing. As a result, water droplets are incorporated in the air stream and,depending on the velocity of the air, will be taken away from the unit. This is known as drift. Although cooling tower drift is objectionable for several reasons, the most hazardous problem concerning human health is the emission of chemicals or microorganisms into the atmosphere. Undoubtedly, regarding microorganisms, the most well-known pathogens are the multiple species of bacteria collectively known as legionella. The binomial water distribution system-drift eliminator is identified to be that mainly responsible for cooling tower drift. While water distribution systems affect the mechanics of setting up the drops, drift eliminators work by changing the direction of the airflow and separating droplets from the airstream through inertial impact. The drift eliminator’s performance can be quantified mainly by two factors: droplet collection efficiency and the pressure drop across the eliminator. In contrast, water distribution systems are characterized by the pressure drop across itself and the achieved size of the particle spread. Alongside drift, the binomial water distribution system-drift eliminator affects the cooling tower performance. From the reviewed bibliography, some studies assessing the effect of the drift eliminator on cooling tower performance have been found. Nevertheless, no studies regarding the influence of the water distribution system on the cooling tower’s performance have been detected. In this sense, this paper studies the thermal performance of a forced draft counter-flow wet cooling tower fitted with two water distribution systems (the pressure water distribution system (PWDS) and gravity water distribution system (GWDS)) for six drift eliminators for a wide range of air and water mass flow rates. The data registered in the experimental set-up were employed to obtain correlations of the tower characteristic, which defines the cooling tower’s thermal performance. The outlet water temperature predicted by these correlations was compared with the experimentally registered values, obtaining a maximum averaged difference of ±0.95%.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors wish to acknowledge the collaboration of the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Spanish Education and Science Ministry) for their support of project PN I+D+I 2008-2011 ENE2010-21679-C02- 02.es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.titleExperimental study on the performance of a mechanical cooling tower fitted with different types of water distribution systems and drift eliminators.es_ES
dc.subject.otherMecánica de Fluidoses_ES
dc.subjectCooling toweres_ES
dc.subjectDrift eliminatores_ES
dc.subjectWater distribution systemes_ES
dc.contributor.investgroupMecánica de Fluidos e Ingeniería Térmicaes_ES

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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España