Experimental study on the performance of a mechanical cooling tower fitted with different types of water distribution systems and drift eliminators.
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AutorLucas Miralles, Manuel; Ruiz Ramírez, Javier; Martínez Beltrán, Pedro Juan; Sánchez Kaiser, Antonio; Viedma Robles, Antonio; [et al.]
Grupo de investigaciónMecánica de Fluidos e Ingeniería Térmica
Área de conocimientoMecánica de Fluidos
PatrocinadoresThe authors wish to acknowledge the collaboration of the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Spanish Education and Science Ministry) for their support of project PN I+D+I 2008-2011 ENE2010-21679-C02- 02.
Fecha de publicación2013-01
Cita bibliográficaApplied Thermal Engineering, Volume 50, Issue 1, 10 January 2013, Pages 282-292.
Revisión por paresSI
Palabras claveCooling tower
Water distribution system
Cooling towers are evaporative heat transfer devices in which atmospheric air cools warm water, with direct contact between the water and the air by evaporating part of the water. The principle of operation of cooling towers requires spraying or distributing water over a heat transfer surface (packing) across or through which a stream of air is passing. As a result, water droplets are incorporated in the air stream and,depending on the velocity of the air, will be taken away from the unit. This is known as drift. Although cooling tower drift is objectionable for several reasons, the most hazardous problem concerning human health is the emission of chemicals or microorganisms into the atmosphere. Undoubtedly, regarding microorganisms, the most well-known pathogens are the multiple species of bacteria collectively known as legionella. The binomial water distribution system-drift eliminator is identified to be that mainly responsible for cooling tower drift. While water distribution systems ...
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