Technical efficiency in the fresh fruit and vegetable sector: a comparison study of Italian and Spanish firms
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Knowledge AreaEconomía Financiera y Contabilidad; Economía, Sociología y Política Agraria
SponsorsThis work is a result of the 05708/PHCS/07 research project financed by the Programa de Generación de Conocimiento Cientifico de Excelencia de la Fundación Séneca, Agencia de Ciencia y Tecnología de la Región de Murcia, in collaboration with the Confederación de Cooperativas Agrarias de España (CCAE) and the Federación de Cooperativas Agrarias de Murcia (FECOAM).
Bibliographic CitationGUZMAN, Isidoro, ARCAS, Narciso, GHELFI, Rino, RIVAROLI, Sergio. Technical efficiency in the fresh fruit and vegetable sector: a comparison study of Italian and Spanish firms. Fruits, 64 (4): 243-252, 2009.
[ENG] Abstract –– Introduction. Agricultural cooperatives play an important socio-economic role in European (EU) countries, especially in the fresh fruit and vegetable sector. For this reason, in an economic perspective, the measurement of their efficiency has become an area of investigation which attracts great interest. Given that Spain and Italy are the biggest producers of fresh fruits and vegetables, the aim of this paper was to recognize the evolution of their technical efficiency. Materials and methods. Performance analysis in the economic field is rather controversial. Following Parkan (2002), it is possible to classify three main approaches to measure performance: index numbers; frontier methods and the non-parametric approaches. In this paper, efficiency was evaluated by applying the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) technique considering two separate frontiers. Through the AIDA database for Italian agricultural cooperatives and the SABI database for Spanish cooperatives, ...
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