Regional Differences in Socio-Economic Health Inequalities in Spain
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Research GroupGrupo de I+D en Economía, Políticas Públicas y Salud
Knowledge AreaEconomía Aplicada
SponsorsThis paper derives from the project “La dinámica del estado de salud y los factores socieconómicos a lo largo del ciclo vital. Implicaciones para las políticas públicas”, which is supported by the Fundación BBVA.
PublisherUniversidad Pompeu Fabra. Departamento de Economía y Empresa
Bibliographic CitationGARCÍA GÓMEZ, Pilar, LÓPEZ NICOLÁS, Ángel. Regional Differences in Socio-Economic Health Inequalities in Spain. Working Papers, 757: 41 p., Octubre 2004.
KeywordsDesigualdades en salud
Análisis de descomposición
This paper reports an analysis of income related health inequalities at the Autonomous Community level in Spain using the self assessed health measure in the 2001 edition of the Encuesta Nacional de Salud. We use recently developed methods in order to cardinalise and model self assessed health within a regression framework, decompose the sources of inequality and explain the observed differences across regions. We find that the regions with the highest levels of mean health tend to enjoy the lowest degrees of income related health inequality and vice-versa. The main feature characterizing regions where income related health inequality is low is the absence of a positive gradient between income and health. In turn, the regions where income related health inequality is greater are characterized by a strong and significant positive gradient between health and income. These results suggest that policies aimed at eliminating the gradient between health and income can potentially lead ...
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