Socio-economic inequalities in health in Catalonia
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Research GroupGrupo de I+D en Economía, Políticas Públicas y Salud
Knowledge AreaEconomía Aplicada
SponsorsThis paper derives from the project “La dinámica del estado de salud y los factores socieconómicos a lo largo del ciclo vital. Implicaciones para las políticas públicas”, which is supported by the Fundación BBVA.
PublisherMinisterio de Hacienda. Instituto de Estudios Fiscales
Bibliographic CitationGARCÍA GÓMEZ, Pilar, LÓPEZ NICOLÁS,Ángel. Socio-economic inequalities in health in Catalonia. Hacienda Pública Española: Revista de Economía Pública, 15 (4/2005): 103-121, 2005. ISSN 0210-1173
KeywordsDesigualdades en salud
Análisis de descomposición
In this paper we measure the degree of income related inequality in mental health as measured by the GHQ instrument and general health as measured by the EQOL-5D instrument for the Catalan population. We find that income is the main contributor to inequality, although the share of inequality in mental health that can be explained by income is much greater than the corresponding share of inequality in general health. We also find that the variation in demographic structure reduces income related inequality in mental health and in general health. The regional variations in both instruments for health are striking, with the Barcelona districts faring relatively bad with respect to the rest of geographical areas and Lleida being the health region where, all else held equal, the population reports the greatest level of health. A big share of inequality in the two health measures, but specially mental health, is due to the favourable position in both health and income of those who enjoy ...
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