Genetic transformation and elicitation to obtain medicinal compounds in grapevine (Vitis vinifera l.) and in Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) stirt
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AutorPazos Navarro, María
Director/aDabauza Micó, Mercedes
UniversidadUniversidad Politécnica de Cartagena
DepartamentoCiencia y Tecnología Agraria
Fecha de lectura2012-06-15
Fecha de publicación2012-03
EditorialMaría Pazos Navarro
Palabras claveBituminaria bituminosa
Vitis vinifera L.
Plants have been used for centuries in traditional medicine due to the properties of their secondary metabolites (SMs) as pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, chemicals or nutraceuticals. For a long time, the production of SMs has only been achieved through the field cultivation of medicinal plants. However, in most cases the active natural product is present at low levels, or is accumulated only in a specific tissue and at a specific vegetative growth stage or under certain environmental conditions, which complicates its extraction. Furthermore, collecting material from the wild is not always feasible and the over-collection could provoke the habitat destruction. Plant Biotechnology is an alternative to produce SMs on a large-scale, and to ensure the conservation and multiplication of interesting plants with active molecules. The phenolic compounds trans-resveratrol and furanocoumarins are among the relevant SMs reported as interesting for human health. Resveratrol exhibits antioxidant and ...
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