The Evolution of Inequity in the Access to Health Care in Spain: 1987-2001
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Research GroupGrupo de I+D en Economía, Políticas Públicas y Salud
Knowledge AreaEconomía Aplicada
SponsorsThis paper derives from the project “La dinámica del estado de salud y los factores socieconómicos a lo largo del ciclo vital. Implicaciones para las políticas públicas”, which is supported by the Fundación BBVA. Support from Ministerio de Educación project SEJ2005-09104-C02-02 is thankfully acknowledged.
PublisherUniversidad Pompeu Fabra. Departamento de Economía y Empresa
Bibliographic CitationGARCÍA GÓMEZ, Pilar, LÓPEZ NICOLÁS, Ángel. The Evolution of Inequity in the Access to Health Care in Spain: 1987-2001. Working Papers, 756: 29, Octubre 2006. [Publicado en: Research in Economic Inequality Vol 15, (2007); Con el título: Public and Private Health Insurance and the Utilisation of Health Care in Spain]
KeywordsUtilización de asistencia sanitaria
Seguro de salud
Health care utilization
This paper reports an analysis of the evolution of equity in access to health care in Spain over the period 1987-2001, a time span covering the development of the modern Spanish National Health System. Our measures of access are the probabilities of visiting a doctor, using emergency services and being hospitalised. For these three measures we obtain indices of horizontal inequity from microeconometric models of utilization that exploit the individual information in the Spanish National Health Surveys of 1987 and 2001. We find that by 2001 the system has improved in the sense that differences in income no longer lead to different access given the same level of need. However, the tenure of private health insurance leads to differences in access given the same level of need, and its contribution to inequity has increased over time, both because insurance is more concentrated among the rich and because the elasticity of utilization for the three services has increased too.
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